‘SENYUM’, an effective method in dealing with Down syndrome students’ oral health issues

Betty Saptiwi, Achmad Arman Subijanto, Risya Cilmiaty, Sumardiyono



This is a research and development (R & D) study which is combined with a needs analysis study to measure the efficiency of a produced product. This study was carried out through stages of developing learning multimedia using the ADDIE development model. The study was carried out at the Special School (SLB) in Karanganyar Regency, Central Java, Indonesia. The study engaged 30 people, 15 in the control group and another 15 in the intervention group. Each group had 5 teachers, 5 parents of Down syndrome students, and 5 Down syndrome students. The results of this study revealed that education and training in the form of the “SENYUM” module can improve parents’ and teachers’ knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors for maintaining Down syndrome students’ oral health. Increased oral health maintenance measures for DS students is the direct consequence of parents and teachers improved oral health behaviors. In addition, results suggested that monitoring and corrections using the ‘SENYUM’ card could improve oral health maintenance activities for Down syndrome students. The ‘SENYUM’ method is an innovative method to handling the oral health issues of Down syndrome students.


SENYUM; Down syndrome students; oral health issues; parents and teachers.

  • Received:  20th November 2023
  • Accepted:  15th December 2023
  • Published: 26th December 2023